La Bioeconomía en el Mundo Moderno: una revisión de literatura desde los 5 continentes

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Ana Cristina Zúñiga Zapata
Eduardo Arturo Cabezas Aguilar
Elkin Olaguer Pérez Sánchez

Keywords

bioeconomía, biomasa y sostenibilidad, biodiversidad, desarrollo sostenible, políticas

Resumen





El artículo hace un recorrido por los países del mundo que han documentado y puesto a circular información acerca de la Bioeconomía y han hecho definiciones explicitas de políticas o estrategias, y además han establecido lineamientos para su desarrollo. Se entiende la Bioeconomía como la gestión eficiente y sostenible de la biodiversidad para generar nuevos productos, procesos y servicios con valor agregado, evitando el uso de los recursos naturales no renovables con el fin de promover la innovación tecnológica, desarrollar empleos cualificados y mejorar la calidad de vida de las comunidades en cada una de las localidades y de los países en general. Para este recorrido se hizo una revisión de literatura en bases de datos. Como resultado se presenta a la comunidad académica un panorama de la orientación que se está dando a la bioeconomía en los diferentes países del mundo.


Palabras Claves: bioeconomía, biomasa y sostenibilidad, biodiversidad, desarrollo sostenible, políticas.


Abstract


The article takes a tour of the countries of the world that have documented and circulated information about the Bioeconomy and made explicit definitions of policies or strategies, and established guidelines for its development. Bioeconomy is understood as the efficient and sustainable management of biodiversity to generate new products, processes and services with added value, avoiding the use of non-renewable natural resources in order to promote technological innovation, develop qualified jobs and improve quality of life of the communities in each of the localities and the countries in general. For this tour, a review of literature in databases was made. As a result, an overview of the orientation that is being given to the bioeconomy in the different countries of the world is presented to the academic community.


Keywords: bioeconomy, biomass and sustainability, biodiversity, sustainable development, policies.






Resumo


Este articulo elabora um recorrido pelos países do mundo que documentaram e circularam informação sobre a Bioeconomia e definiram explicitamente políticas ou estratégias, y estabeleceram lineamentos para seu desenvolvimento. Entende-se a Bioeconomía como a gestão eficiente e sustentável da biodiversidade para gerar novos produtos, processos e serviços com valor agregado, evitando o uso dos recursos naturais não-renováveis com a finalidade de promover a inovação tecnológica, desenvolver empregos qualificados e melhorar a qualidade de vidas das comunidades em cada uma das localidades, e dos países em geral. Para isso, houve uma revisão da literatura nas bases de dados. Como resultado, apresenta-se à comunidade acadêmica um panorama da orientação que se está dando à Bioeconomia nos diferentes países do mundo.


Palavras chave: bioeconomia, biomassa e sustentabilidade, biodiversidade, desenvolvimento sustentável, políticas









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